UNICEF Learning Collaborative
From December 4th to 9th, the International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA) 2017<http://icasa2017cotedivoire.org/> will be held in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.
We are pleased to share a roadmap<http://childrenandaids.org/sites/default/files/2017-12/UNICEF%20ICASA%20Flyer%20.pdf> of sessions led or co-convened by UNICEF.
Additional sessions organized by various partners include:
* Satellite Session on the role of point-of-care testing for early infant diagnosis and improved treatment options towards ending pediatric AIDS<http://childrenandaids.org/sites/default/files/2017-12/POC%20Satellite%20Session%20Programme%20Flyer.pdf>, co-convened by Unitaid, CHAI, UNICEF, EGPAF, PEPFAR, ASLM, DNDi, i-base
* Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free: Progress Made and the Road Ahead, co-convened by UNAIDS and PEPFAR
Stay tuned for news from ICASA 2017 next week!
On World AIDS Day 2017, many of UNICEF's partners announced or released important updates, some of which are summarized in the following section.
PEPFAR released their latest global results<https://www.pepfar.gov/funding/results/> that reflect the new achievements of their accelerated HIV prevention and treatment program and DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe) public-private partnership. As of September 30, 2017, PEPFAR has:
* Supported 15.2 million voluntary medical male circumcisions (VMMC) to prevent infections in men and boys;
* Achieved a 25% decline in new HIV diagnoses among adolescent girls and young women of the highest HIV-burden districts (of which 14 districts experienced a decline > 40%); and
* Prevented 2.2 million babies from being born with HIV.
A NIH-supported study<https://www.niaid.nih.gov/news-events/combination-hiv-prevention-reduces-new-infections-42-percent-ugandan-district> published in the New England Journal of Medicine<http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1702150#t=article> reveals that combination HIV prevention (ART use and VMMC) has reduced new infections by 42% in the Rakai District of Uganda since 2009, demonstrating that the scale-up of combination HIV prevention can contribute to decreases in HIV incidence. Important outcomes from the study are highlighted below:
* The proportion of male participants who were voluntarily circumcised increased from 15% in 1999 to 59% in 2016;
* HIV incidence dropped the most (57%) among circumcised men; and
* The decline in HIV incidence in women was less significant than that in men (32%), a gender imbalance the study suggests could be addressed by influencing more men living with HIV to take ART.
As the study continues, PrEP is anticipated to be added to the combination HIV prevention package.
UNAIDS released a report on the Right to Health<http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/documents/2017/20171120_right_to_health>, and accompanying press release<http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/pressreleaseandstatementarchive/2017/november/20171121_righttohealth_report> shining a spotlight on the HIV response and key populations. One of these key populations are orphans, who are especially vulnerable to stigma and discrimination. The report emphasizes the need for more specialized, rights-based interventions that are tailored to their age and circumstances, such as ensuring that they have access to child protection services, quality family-based care, and facility-based clinical services.
The report also sheds light on the blind spots in addressing the epidemic, including engaging men in care and treatment and preventing HIV among young women and girls who are disproportionately affected and ending stigma and discrimination.
This year, the WHO has validated the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis in Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Montserrat, St. Christopher & Nevis. The Western Pacific and Pan-American regions have also committed to the triple elimination of MTCT of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B. Read more about the validation process here<http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/congenital-syphilis/WHO-validation-EMTCT/en/>.
Children and AIDS Site<http://www.childrenandaids.org/>
UNICEF ICASA Flyer .pdf
POC Satellite Session Programme Flyer.pdf
Three Frees Satellite Session Flyer.pdf