AYKP Toolkit


The ayKP Toolkit is a collection of resources to help you plan and scale up HIV prevention programmes with adolescents and young people from key populations – people aged 10-24 years who: 

  • are young sex workers (aged 18 and above)
  • are sexually exploited children (under 18)
  • are adolescent boys and young men who have sex with men
  • are transgender or gender non-conforming
  • inject drugs 

For detailed definitions of these terms, please see the Glossary

Over the past decade, there has been good progress in preventing HIV infection in newborns and young children. But results for adolescents and young people aged 10–24 have been more mixed. Since 2010, new HIV infections and HIV-related deaths have declined more slowly among older adolescents (aged 15–19 years) than among children under 10. Globally, almost 60% of new infections among children and adolescents occur in the 15–19 age group.  

aykp graph


Adolescents and young people need effective interventions, implemented at scale, in order to address the HIV epidemic in this age group. But the need is even more acute for those who are members of key populations. In every country, adolescent and young key populations are disproportionately affected by HIV. Their risk and vulnerability are even greater than among adolescents and young people generally. 

UNAIDS has set ambitious Super-Fast-Track targets to reduce the number of new HIV infections by 2020 to below 67,000 globally among 15–19-year-olds, and under 100,000 among adolescent girls and young women (aged 15–24 years). 

Data sources for this section, including graphs: 
UNICEF. 2018 HIV Estimates. Statistical update from HIV Data & Analytics, 18 July, 2018.
UNAIDS. Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free. A super-fast-track framework for ending AIDS among children, adolescents and young women by 2020. 

This toolkit is for you if you are managing or helping to run HIV prevention programmes at a national or subnational level - whether you work in government, the private sector, an NGO or another civil-society organization, including organizations or networks of key populations or young people.

The resources you will find here include guidance documents as well as practical “how-to” tools. Most can be downloaded directly from this site. Others are links to websites, or online resources such as videos. All the resources were not created especially for this toolkit, but are already in use around the world. They were contributed by representatives of young key population organizations and networks, implementing organizations, donors and UN agencies. 

There are two ways to explore the toolkit and find the resources you need: 

  • Click on the icon for a module on the home page, or select the one that interests you from the Module tab on the toolbar. The eight modules present a curated selection of recent tools. They cover the range of essential activities for planning and implementing a programme. They also address cross-cutting topics such as advocacy, collaboration, innovations, and exchanging knowledge.
  • Click on the Search and Download tab for a more extensive library, which also includes overarching guidance documents that are relevant to many of the modules. On the search page you can narrow your choice using specific search criteria, or browse a complete list of all the tools. 

This toolkit is not an encyclopaedic collection: we have aimed to provide a selection of representative tools from a variety of organizations and geographic regions. Although the majority of tools are in English, some are available in other languages (Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Russian or Spanish).  

Some of the resources here do not address adolescent and young key populations specifically, but they are still relevant and can be adapted to local contexts. But gaps remain to be filled by organizations, donors and governments, to give programmes access to the most up-to-date and relevant information and tools for scaling up interventions with adolescents and young people from key populations. 

This website is an evolving resource – please get in touch if you have tools that you think should be part of this toolkit. 

This toolkit is part of a series of resources being developed by UNICEF and partners to address HIV prevention with adolescents and young people. The other toolkits will address:

  • HIV and adolescent girls and young women
  • HIV and pregnant adolescents
  • Adolescents living with HIV