FURTHER TOOLS

Risks Risks and vulnerabilities to HIV of young key populations: Findings from a national survey in Kenya [Polling Booth Survey]
This brief presents the findings from a national polling-booth survey among young key populations in Kenya, on their risk and vulnerability to HIV. It describes the behavioural, health-services, and structural factors identified by the survey
NASCOP, University of Manitoba, 2018
data brief Geographic mapping of most at risk populations for HIV in Kenya
This document describes how mapping of key populations is done in the Kenya HIV programme.
NASCOP, University of Manitoba, 2013
PRegnancy Pregnancy incidence & contraceptive use among entertainment and sex workers in Cambodia
This paper documents the high incidence of pregnancy and unmet reproductive health needs among female sex workers in Cambodia. The findings point to an urgent need for multi-level interventions—including venue-based HIV/STI and violence prevention interventions—in the context of legal and policy reform. The exploration of innovative and comprehensive sex worker-tailored sexual and reproductive health service models, also as part of HIV prevention intervention trials, is warranted.
Authors: Duff, P., Evans, J.L., Stein, E.S., Page, K., Maher, L., Kaldor, J., et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018
data brief Sex in the shadow of HIV: Prevalence, risk factors, and interventions among HIV positive youth
Sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth is high, with inconclusive evidence on potential determinants. Few known studies test secondary HIV-prevention interventions for HIV- positive youth. Effective and feasible low-cost interventions to reduce risk are urgently needed for this group.
Authors: Toska, E., Pantelic, M., Meinck, F., Keck, K., Haghighat, R., Cluver, L. PLoS One, 2017
data brief School-based interventions for improving contraceptive use in adolescents
This review of school-based interventions identifies those that improve contraceptive use among adolescents. Since most trials addressed preventing STI/HIV and pregnancy, they emphasized condom use. However, several studies covered a range of contraceptive methods. The overall quality of evidence was low. Main reasons for downgrading the evidence were having limited information on intervention fidelity, analysing a subsample rather than all those randomized, and having high losses.
Authors: Lopez, L.M., Bernholc, A., Chen, M., Tolley, E.E.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2016
data brief Bangladesh: Transforming the lives of young people
This case study of the Link Up project in Bangladesh focuses on young men who have sex with men, young transgender people, young people living with HIV, young women who sell sex, and vulnerable young people aged 10-24, such as garment workers and pavement dwellers.
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, 2016
data brief Models of integrated care for young people from key populations in Uganda
This case study of the Link Up project in Uganda focuses on four implementing partners that provide integrated sexual and reproductive health and HIV services to young people living with and most affected by HIV. Integrating care has generated both opportunities and challenges for young people and service providers.
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, 2016
data brief Overview and analysis of harm reduction approaches and services for children and young people who use drugs
This report analyses harm reduction interventions and approaches used internationally for children and adolescents, aged 10 to 18, who use drugs—based on publications and draft papers. It provides an inventory and analysis of studies of HIV prevention and care, and harm reduction; methodologies for delivering harm reduction services; and an inventory of existing harm reduction programmes for children and adolescents who use drugs.
Alliance for Public Health, Ukraine, 2015
data brief Limited effectiveness of HIV prevention for young people in sub-Saharan Africa: Studying the role of intervention and evaluation
This study assesses the overall effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions for young people in sub-Saharan Africa and the specific effectiveness of a peer-led, school-based HIV prevention intervention in Rwanda. The study identifies factors contributing to the limited effectiveness of these interventions, and makes recommendations for improving HIV prevention programmes.
Author: Michielsen, K
Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn, 2013
data brief Knowledge and attitudes of young people in Nigeria about HIV-AIDS: A systematic review
This is a systematic review of 17 studies conducted in Nigeria on the knowledge and attitudes of young people (aged 10-24) about HIV.
Author: Okudo J
Texas Medical Center Library, 2012
all in Rural and Remote Health, 2014
This is an outline of a comprehensive plan that addresses HIV among adolescents and young people, including situation analysis and the policy and legal environment; education-sector interventions; reducing stigma and discrimination; and monitoring and evaluation.
Kenya National AIDS Control Council (NACC), 2015
data brief Developing an implementation science research agenda to improve the treatment and care outcomes among adolescents living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
This is a literature review on HIV continuum of care outcomes among adolescents living with HIV. The report also presents priority questions for further research for the wider HIV community.
USAID, 2016
data brief HIVST.org (HIV self-testing research and policy hub)
This website contains a searchable database of implementation guidance, presentations, and research and funding opportunities—all on the topic of HIV self-testing. It is a collaborative effort to generate and share information and resources with the global public health community, civil society groups, health policymakers, and programme managers.
data brief Standard operating procedures for establishing and running key populations clinics in Kenya
This document provides guidance on planning, setting up, and running clinics—including making and tracking referrals to other service providers and documenting clinic attendance and activities.
NASCOP, University of Manitoba, 2016
data brief Key considerations for differentiated antiretroviral therapy delivery for specific population
This document outlines the rationale for—and features of—differentiated delivery of antiretroviral therapy (ART), including to adolescents and key populations.
WHO, 2017
data brief Opioid overdose prevention and management among injecting drug users
These are guidelines on providing opioid overdose prevention and management services for people who use drugs.
UNDOC, 2012
data brief Needle syringe exchange program for injecting drug users: Standard operating procedure
These are guidelines on setting up, running, and monitoring needle and syringe exchange programmes for people who inject drugs.
UNDOC, 2012
data brief Drop-in centre for injecting drug users: Standard operating procedure
These are guidelines on setting up, running, and monitoring drop-in centres for people who inject drugs.
UNDOC, 2012
data brief Outreach for injecting drug users: Standard operating procedure
These are guidelines on planning, establishing, running, and monitoring outreach services for people who inject drugs.
UNDOC, 2012
data brief Intervention among female injecting drug users: Standard operating procedure
These are guidelines for setting up and running harm reduction and HIV prevention services for women who inject drugs.
UNDOC, 2012
data brief Addressing the specific needs of women who inject drugs: Practical guide for service providers on gender-responsive HIV services
This is a guide for service providers, managers, and outreach workers in harm reduction and HIV-related services—to help them expand access to women who inject drugs through gender-sensitive and gender-specific services. It also acknowledges that in some settings women require services provided separately from—or in addition to—services targeting men.
UNDOC, 2016
data brief A handbook for starting and managing needle and syringe programmes in prisons and other closed settings
This guide describes the components of needle and syringe exchange programmes in prisons, with examples from various countries. It also describes an advocacy strategy to gain support for establishing programmes and to set up, run, and monitor them.
UNDOC, 2014
data brief HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons and other closed settings: A comprehensive package of interventions
This package describes key interventions, principles for treatment and care, and other recommendations for creating an enabling environment.
UNODC, ILO, UNDP, WHO, UNAIDS, 2013
data brief Good practice guide to integrated sex worker programming
This guide summarizes the experiences of 19 organisations in implementating the Red Umbrella Programme over two years. The programme's aim is to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted infections among sex workers through a combination prevention approach and bio-behavioural interventions with sex workers. The guide describes principles and practices for implementing sex worker HIV programmes.
SWEAT (Sex Workers Education and Advocacy Taskforce), Zimbabwe, 2016
data brief Counselling in targeted intervention for injecting drugs users
These resources train counsellors of people who inject drugs in the context of harm reduction and HIV prevention. The counsellor's handbook contains detailed information on injecting drug use, the counsellor's role, and practical tips on effective counselling. The facilitator's manual provides a detailed plan for a three-day training of counsellors. The resource guide provides additional training materials.
Counsellor's handbook
Facilitator's manual
A resource guide
UNODC, 2011
data brief How to mobilise communities for health and social change
This is a guide for health programme directors and managers of community-based programmes who wish to use community mobilisation to improve health at the individual, family, and community levels. It contains examples and lessons from community mobilisation experiences around the world, with a focus on marginalized groups in developing countries.
Health Communication Partnership , UK 2015
data brief Resource mobilisation implementation kit: A primer for SBCC organisations
This is an online toolkit for social and behaviour change (SBCC) practitioners and organisations. It takes the user through the steps required to broaden their funding base, including strategic planning, grant proposals and business plans.
Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3)
data brief LINKAGES Integrated Technical Organisational Capacity Assessment (ITOCA) and action planning: Facilitator’s guide
This is a guide for facilitators implementing the LINKAGES Integrated Technical Organisational Capacity Assessment (ITOCA). The ITOCA is a participatory self-assessment tool that is implemented through a workshop. The guide offers activities and materials in 14 areas of assessment, which organisations can adapt for their work and needs.FHI 360 LINKAGES, Pact
data brief Public-private partnerships in the response to HIV
This paper describes how a public-private partnership led an oil and gas producer to engage in the country's HIV response, including managing an HIV grant from the Global Fund.
Authors: Miles K, Conlon M, Stinshoff J, Hutton R, 2014
data brief Unique identifier code for key population programmes in Kenya
This docuement describes the benefits of using unique identifier codes and the procedures for generating these for service recipients of Kenya's HIV programme.
NASCOP, University of Manitoba, 2017
data brief HIV prevention with adolescent girls and young women: Data brief
This is an analysis of the PEPFAR DREAMS Partnership to prevent new HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women, with information on strategies and approaches that work, and ones that do not.
Center for Health and Gender Equity, 2018
data brief M&E participatory self-assessment tool
This tool helps civil-society organisations identify gaps in monitoring and evaluation. It covers planning, structures and human resources, process and procedures, and data and information management.
Management Sciences for Health
all in Strengthening HIV programmes for adolescents: Early lessons from adolescent assessments to guide fast tracking of adolescent responses through ALL IN
This is a 2015-2016 report on assessments conducted in countries involved in the ALL IN initiative to strengthen national responses to HIV in adolescents. The report summarizes programme impacts, policy impacts, resource mobilisation, and the influence of the initiative on leadership, advocacy, and national and regional agendas.
UNICEF, UNAIDS , 2016
data brief Getting started: A toolkit for preventing and tackling homophobic, biphobic and transphobic bullying in secondary schools
This toolkit provides a framework and practical tools for leaders and teachers in secondary schools. It shows how to tackle homophobic, biphobic, and transphobic bullying across the school’s policies and procedures. Each step includes a set of tools, templates, and checklists. These can be used to communicate with parents, conduct surveys of pupils, track the school’s progress over time, highlight problem areas, and develop a tailored approach.
Stonewall, UK 2018
data brief Guide for trainers: Strengthen and support CSOs to work towards evidence- and rights-based sexual and reproductive health education and HIV prevention for young people (YOUTH FRIENDLY)
This guide is for trainers working with local organisations to train their members to become experts on evidence-informed and rights-based programmes for youth for sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention. Each chapter provides training materials, exercises and an agenda for the training session.
Aidsfond (formerly Stop Aids Now), Rutgers International
data brief Ideas for a change: Developing policy
This publication, from Olive (Organisation Development and Training) in South Africa, explores the idea of policy—how it differs from principles, procedure, and practice and how it links with these. It takes the reader step by step through the process of developing a policy.
data brief Comprehensive sexuality education: A foundation for life and love campaign (YOUTH FRIENDLY)
UNESCO’s Foundation for Life and Love campaign (#CSEandMe) aims to highlight the benefits of high-quality comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) for all young people. The campaign website includes interviews, videos, stories, and related reading material. A Spanish-language version of the campaign is also available here.
UNESCO, 2018
data brief We demand more! A sexuality education advocacy handbook for young people (YOUTH FRIENDLY)
This is a handbook for young people who want to improve the sexuality education that is provided in their school, town, or country. It includes background information and evidence to argue for the importance of providing all young people with high-quality comprehensive sexuality education (CSE). It gives advice on how to make change happen where you live, as well as examples of successful CSE advocacy efforts.
The PACT, 2017
data brief CSE and me (YOUTH FRIENDLY)
A follow-up to "We Demand More!" this guide shares the experiences of CSE advocates working in restrictive or conservative environments, and provides further tips for advocacy.
The PACT, 2017
data brief Commission on Narcotic Drugs Resolution 61-4
This high-level resolution promotes measures for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis among women who use drugs
UNODC, 2018
data brief Capacity and consent: Empowering adolescents to exercise their reproductive rights
This publication outlines the barriers adolescents face in realizing their sexual and reproductive health and rights, discusses recent critical developments in the human-rights framework underpinning these rights, and proposes a way forward for guaranteeing all adolescents the full exercise of their sexual and reproductive health and rights.
Center for Reproductive Rights, 2017
data brief Advocating for adolescent reproductive health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: Advocacy kit (YOUTH FRIENDLY)
This kit is designed to help young advocates in Eastern Europe and Central Asia develop the skills to advocate for young people's sexual health education and services. It describes some of the steps in organizing campaigns and provides information on developing, implementing, and evaluating a successful advocacy strategy.
UNFPA, 2017
data brief Post 2015 negotiation briefs
This compilation of eight briefs provides youth advocates with an overview of priority themes for follow-up accountability efforts related to the SDG agenda. The topics are 1) Comprehensive sexuality education, 2) Drug-related harm reduction, 3) Youth and HIV, 4) Mental health, 5) Sexual and reproductive health and rights, 6) Social determinants of health, 7) Youth engagement and accountability mechanisms, and 8) Youth-friendly services in Universal Health Coverage.
The PACT, 2014
data brief Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) for youth (YOUTH FRIENDLY)
This resource explains why CEDAW is important to youth, and describes the convention's impact in advancing gender equality and human rights for women and girls around the world. It summarizes the articles of CEDAW, including the specific forms of discrimination that must be ended and how CEDAW is implemented and monitored.
UN Women, 2014
data brief Sustainable Development Agenda and young people
This publication contains a series of briefs covering each of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They examine the evidence base related specifically to the SDGs and young people, with a focus on ensuring their sexual and reproductive health. The briefs recommend action to address the challenges faced by young people to address the issues raised in each goal.
The Asian-Pacific Resource and Research Centre for Women (ARROW), 2018
data brief Child marriage and HIV: An information sheet
Le mariage des enfants et le sida
This brief highlights why the links between child marriage and HIV must be addressed. It recommends further research, targeting and prioritising adolescent girls in HIV responses and policy approaches to tackle both issues. The brief comes with an infographic and social media toolkit on the Girls Not Brides website.
Girls Not Brides, 2017
data brief Awareness session module for principals and teachers
These are presentation slides for a training module to raise awareness among college administrators in India about stigma and discrimination faced by young transgender people in college settings, to help create an enabling environment for them in educational institutions.
Gaurav Organisation
data brief Mobilising communities on young people's health and rights Advocacy toolkit: Advocacy training guide
This guide leads the user through the stages of planning and launching an advocacy campaign to ensure that government commitments are translated into programmes that meet young people's sexual and reproductive health needs. The toolkit provides prototype worksheets and other tools at the end of each chapter. The training guide shows how to facilitate a five-day workshop to strengthen the skills of community groups, networks and organisations to design and plan an advocacy campaign.
Family Care International, 2008
data brief Advancing combination HIV prevention
This provides information for activists from community-based organisations to argue for evidence-based, scaled-up, adequately funded combination prevention programmes for HIV. There are case examples of successful advocacy from around the world.
Colectivo Ovejas Negras, Uruguay 2008
data brief Women who inject drugs and HIV: Addressing specific needs
This policy brief aims to promote gender equality and human rights in an effective harm reduction response to HIV for women who inject drugs, in both community and prison settings. It outlines a framework for improving the availability, accessibility, affordability, and acceptability of women- oriented harm reduction interventions. Suggested good practice tools and guidance are also provided.
UNODC, 2015
data brief HIV self-testing: Awareness, acceptability and perceptions of HIV self-testing among MSM in Kenya
This brief describes the findings and recommendations from a rapid qualitative assessment of the feasibility of HIV self-testing as an approach among men who have sex with men in three counties in Kenya.
NASCOP, University of Manitoba, 2018
data brief Social Protection help desk (concept note)
This is an outline of a technology-based information hub providing access to government-funded services for low-income workers and community members.
SWASTI, 2015
data brief Integrated adolescent sexual and reproductive health services towards HIV prevention: Ilioilo City
This brief describes UNICEF Philippines' approach to working with adolescents vulnerable to HIV. This includes the use of proxy consent to allow adolescents access to HIV testing and treatment services if they are unable to obtain parental consent.
UNICEF, 2018
data brief Sex Worker Academy Africa (SWAA): Case study
This case study describes the development, learning approach, and content of a workshop to strengthen sex worker-led organisations and communities across Africa, building capacity on local, national, and regional levels.
NSWP (Global Network of Sex Work Projects), 2018
data brief Engaging youth to build a sustainable HIV service delivery mechanism in Jiangsu, China
This is a brief description of a multisectoral campaign to encourage HIV testing among young people through peer educators and to solicit their feedback on the experience in order to make service-providers more youth-friendly.
Chinese Association of STD/AIDS Prevention and Control, 2018
data brief Peer education on youth sexual and reproductive health in humanitarian settings: Training of trainers manual
This is a skills-based curriculum for peer education trainers on issues related to adolescents and youth in humanitarian settings, including sexual and reproductive health, life skills education, and youth empowerment.
UNFPA, Y-PEER Network, 2015
data brief Data collection tools for peer-led outreach (in French)
These forms are used by peer educators and peer supervisors to track outreach to key population members.
Registre des PE animateurs
Registre des PE animateurs
Registre des PE animateurs
Afrique Arc En Ciel, Togo
data brief HEEADSS rapid questionnaire
This is a psychosocial interview guide for young people, aged 10-24, with questions on home, education, employment, activities, substance use, and reproductive health. The document is in Tagalog and English.
Philippines Department of Health, 2015
all in Strengthening HIV programmes for adolescents: Early lessons from adolescent assessments to guide fast tracking of adolescent responses through ALL IN
This is a 2015-2016 report on assessments conducted in countries involved in the ALL IN initiative to strengthen national responses to HIV in adolescents. The report summarizes programme impacts, policy impacts, resource mobilisation, and the influence of the initiative on leadership, advocacy, and national and regional agendas.
UNICEF, UNAIDS , 2016
out with it Out with it: HIV and other sexual health considerations for young men who have sex with men
Developed by MPact (formerly MSMGF) with WHO, UNDP and UNFPA, this is an updated, abbreviated adaptation of the 2015 technical brief on HIV and young men who have sex with men. It summarizes information from the technical brief, with photo illustrations to make the document more engaging for non-specialist readers.
MPact: Global Action for Gay Men's Health and Rights, 2018