2015 Statistical Update


Children, Adolescents and AIDS in 2016

Children and AIDS


Since 2000, nearly 9 million deaths have been averted, and 17 million people living with HIV are now receiving treatment. 

However, HIV is not over in any part of the world. We must persist until we have achieved an AIDS-free generation.


New Infections Averted

Among Children (0-14)

since 2000


Children (0-9)

Living with HIV

in 2015


Adolescents (10-19)

Living with HIV

in 2015

Most children living with HIV do not know their status.

Today majority of pregnant women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries are receiving treatment to remain healthy and prevent HIV transmission to their babies. 

As impressive as progress has been, 150,000 children under 15 were newly infected with HIV in 2015. Diagnosis is especially critical for children, as HIV advances to AIDS very quickly in infancy. Early diagnosis in the first weeks of life and immediate initiation of treatment can be the difference between life and death, But out work does not stop there. Regular health services must be more proactive in finding cases.

While we are closer than ever before to the elimination of new HIV infections among infants, much remains to be done.



of pregnant & breastfeeding women living with HIV received ART to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and for their own health.


Situation Among Adolescents

AIDS is the number cause of death among adolescents in Africa


new infections among adolescents (15-19) every hour

The majority of these deaths are among adolescents (10-19) who acquired HIV as babies and survived to their teenage years, either without knowing their HIV status or having slipped out of care. Targeted testing is critical for identifying adolescents living with HIV and providing the services they need early enough to keep them healthy.

Children are becoming adolescents without the testing, treatment and care they need.

Nearly half of adolescents (10–19) living with HIV are in just five countries: South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, India and Tanzania.

Adolescent girls remain disproportionately affected

Adolescent girls, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, face higher risks of HIV infection. Low social status, household poverty, food insecurity, and poor quality education all limit opportunities for girls, while pervasive sexual and gender-based violence render them extremely vulnerable to HIV.

In sub-Saharan Africa,

3 in 4

new infections in 15-19 year olds are among girls.
In sub-Saharan Africa, 3 in 4 new infections in 15-19 year olds are among girls


In sub-Saharan Africa, only


of girls (15-19) with multiple sexual partners reported having protected sex.

Knowledge levels have barely increased over the past 15 years. 33% of boys & 26% girls (15-19) in sub-Saharan Africa have comprehensive HIV knowledge.

Graphic showing knowledge levels amongst adolescents

Almost 32% of new infections among adolescents (15-19) occurred outside sub-Saharan Africa. Check out the regional data in:

Read the report on Adolescents under the Radar in the Asia-Pacific AIDS Response here.

HIV & AIDS affects children in many countries around the world.

Discrimination, poverty, inequalities and harsh policies and laws continue to prevent children and adolescents from seeking and receiving HIV testing, health care, life-saving commodities and support to remain HIV-free.

In 2013, a quarter milllion children and pregnant women living with HIV were affected by emergencies.

Learn more


children (0-17) have lost one or both parents to AIDS.