This review provides a conceptual framework for HIV-sensitive social protection policies and programmes and review the impact of social protection on HIV prevention and treatment outcomes in addition to social and economic care and support. It further provides recommendations for achieving core HIV impacts, comprehensive approaches, and expanding and sustaining HIV-sensitive social protection.
MODA has four main characteristics that may be distinguished from most existing studies. First, MODA concentrates on the child as the unit of analysis, rather than the household. Children experience deprivations and poverty differently from adults especially with regards to developmental needs, which can have lasting effects if they are not fulfilled (UNICEF, 2000).