This is the first policy brief in a series of 6 policy briefs that address social protection & adolescents. This brief outlines ways in which social protection can potentially reduce HIV-risk among adolescents.
Point of Care: Early Infant Diagnosis Saves Lives
ALL In to #EndAdolescentAIDS
Around the world, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 years were living with HIV in 2016. Some 260,000 older adolescents (aged 15–19 years) were newly infected with HIV in 2016, or nearly a new infection every two minutes. Nearly three out of four new infections occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. And adolescent girls continue to be disproportionately affected. Globally, nearly two thirds (65 per cent) of new HIV infections among adolescents aged 15–19 years were among girls.
Progress in preventing new infections among adolescents remains unacceptably slow, with new infections declining by only 14 per cent since 2010. Equally concerning, between 2000 and 2015, annual AIDS-related deaths declined for all age groups except adolescents (aged 10–19 years).
Demographic realities further undermine recent hopeful trends. In sub-Saharan Africa, the region most affected by HIV, the youth population has begun to explode in size and will continue to do so, with projections indicating that the number of people younger than 20 will double in 2030. That means redoubled efforts will be necessary to prevent an increase in new HIV infections among adolescents.
The ALL IN agenda was introduced to drive social change for better results in adolescents, to improve strategic prioritization and programming for adolescents, and to foster innovation and advocacy to ensure that countries build stronger, more sustainable systems; engage adolescents in the response and provide quality health care. It is a Fast-Track response for adolescents—linked to the Three Frees initiative ('Start Free', 'Stay Free', 'AIDS Free') to accelerate service delivery towards attaining both the 90–90–90 and adolescent specific targets.
This programming guidance is meant to inform programmes that aim to reduce HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women in countries and locations where HIV incidence is high among adolescent girls and young women and where HIV is primarily spread through heterosexual transmission. This report primarily is for policymakers, planners and implementers of HIV prevention programmes across multiple sectors, including organizations led by young people. The document also is useful for experts in wider health and social sector programmes, including health workers and teaching staff, or any other professionals who can integrate dimensions of HIV prevention into their area of work.
The content of this facilitator’s guide is derived from existing programmes and campaigns, among them SAfAIDS Changing the River’s Flow (CTRF) programme, implemented across nine southern African countries, and Sonke Gender Justice’s One Man Can campaign.
The materials were tested with and reviewed by a cadre of community transformation facilitators from each of the partner organisation in December 2015.
South Africa Integrated School Health Programme. The Departments of Basic Education and Health are jointly implementing the Integrated School Health Programme that will extend, over time, the coverage of school health services to all learners in primary and secondary schools. The programme offers a comprehensive and integrated package of services including sexual and reproductive health services for older learners.
This document contains practical information and specific tools to help organizations and other in-country actors conduct a landscape assessment, the first phase in planning a Total Market Approach (TMA) to increase access to family planning. The main body of this document is intended to be used in tandem with the TMA landscape assessment tools and resources. Designed for TMA planners of all experience levels, and both private and public sectors, this publication shares experiences and lessons learned across a range of organizations.
In March 2016, WHO and UNAIDS convened a meeting of modelling experts and policymakers to review recent modelling work; identify the implications of different models, including common themes and messages from findings; recommend approaches for future strategic directions; and note key research and evaluation needs. The models presented in this meeting report can be used to assess the costs and impact of expanding HIV prevention programs in five-year age bands and according to geographic location or risk profiles.
Based on the original six-point criteria developed by Alan Andreason, the Benchmark Criteria set the out the key elements which comprise every successful social marketing programme. The criteria are designed to support better understanding of social marketing concepts, promote a consistent approach to review and evaluation and assist in the commissioning of social marketing services. This 2-page guiding framework gauges targeted programs’ demand creation through social media.
This youth activist training tool was launched by members of Girls Not Brides in Zimbabwe in early 2018. It is also being used by Girls Not Brides members in Malawi. It includes a trainer manual and a participant guide and addresses the age range 15-24. The effectiveness of the tool needs to be assessed in time, but it appears a promising approach to training youth for activism. It would need modification to be relevant to HIV prevention among adolescent girls and young women, as the training focus is on child marriage.